This report examines the barriers to, and facilitators of, rural local government engagement in natural resource management as well as stakeholder perspectives on rural local government’s management of the environment. It builds on previous knowledge about local government and natural resource management but unlike some other research, the data crosses state boundaries therefore allowing important contrasts and comparisons to be made about local government involvement in natural resource management. The study focused on local governments that are facing particular environmental concerns and yet are not necessarily engaged in natural resource management. This contrasts with other studies that have focused only on shires which demonstrate best practice in relation to natural resource management. The findings contribute to the relatively limited knowledge about rural local government engagement with stakeholders and natural resource management. This is an important contribution because the literature is predominantly biased toward urban case studies and tends to ignore the unique natural resource management conditions of a rural setting.