Australia’s rural industries will be impacted by significant change at global, national and local levels over the coming decades. This will create opportunities and challenges for small and large farm businesses. It will have an impact on rural lifestyles, agricultural landscapes and Australia’s society and economy in general. In order to better understand forthcoming change, RIRDC and CSIRO have completed a foresight study of Australian agriculture and rural industries. The narrative of the future is told through a set of interlinked megatrends impacting Australia over the coming 20 years. The aim is to help communities, individuals, companies and governments make informed and strategic choices to secure better outcomes.